The trombone first surfaced around 1400 as an improvement on the trumpet. The early trombone was very similar to the one we use today, with the exception of its thicker metal and narrower bell, which yielded a softer, mellower tone.
Once used widely in chamber orchestras and churches, the early trombone, or "sackbut," experienced a decline as the 18th century dawned. The instrument made a comeback in the military bands of the late 1700's, where it developed the widely-flared bell characteristic of the modern trombone.
The trombone played a vital role in the Swing era of the late 1930's and early 1940's, as famed bandleaders Tommy Dorsey and Glenn Miller literally brought the trombone to the forefront of big band music with their play.
Based on information found on-line in the Encarta Encyclopedia.
Care and Maintenance
In order to assemble the trombone insert the longer side of the slide section into the bell receiver. The optimum angle created by the two sections will depend on the size of your hand. Lock the two sections together, and place the mouthpiece into the mouthpiece receiver.
Lubricate trombone slides every week, whether sticking or not, so as to deter both wear and corrosion of the metal. First, take the inner slide off and wipe it clean. Then, apply a small amount of slide cream near the bottom of the slide and spray with water to keep the slide moving with ease. Musicians can keep a small spray bottle of water in their case for this purpose.
Clean the mouthpiece frequently in warm water, and use a brush to clean out the tube.
The trombone should be rinsed out every two months. Soak the instrument in a tub with a small amount of dish soap for 30 minutes, and carefully clean the inside of the tubing.
Wipe down the slide and reapply slide oil after cleaning. Use a soft cloth to wipe the outer surface of the instrument.
Cleaning kits can be ordered through your director.
Portions of the assembly instructions were written based on information found in Standard of Excellence Comprehensive Band Method by Bruce Pearson; Neil A. Kjos Music Co., Publisher